Nd delta were downregulated accompanied by upregulation of RpoD. Besides, all three translation-initiation factor-1 (IF-1), IF-2, and IF-3 were differentially expressed but only IF-3 was reported in DM3 treatment. Downregulation of the alpha- and beta subunits in DNA topoisomerase IV was found in both DM3- and PEN-treatment, however, the expression of topoisomerase I was increased in DM3 but decre